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William Gill World War II War Crimes and POW Collection | Manuscripts

By Perri Hamilton

Collection Overview

Title: William Gill World War II War Crimes and POW CollectionAdd to your cart.
ID: 01/AR0168
Primary Creator: William R. Gill
Extent: 4.0 Boxes
Arrangement: The collection preserves the orgininal order of the papers.
Date Acquired: 07/27/1999. More info below under Accruals.
Subjects: World War II

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Collection of war crimes and POW material.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Clippings and copies of papers that document the prisoner of war camps in Japan.  The papers include correspondence, papers used in the prosecution of war crimes, and clippings

Biographical Note

William R. Gill was born in McDonald, Pennsylvania on July 21, 1920.  He graduated from High School in 1938. He was a member of the Reserve Officers Training Corps while attending Pennsylvania State University.  Mr. Gill earned a Bachelor of Science in Agronomy, graduating in December 1942.    He earned a Master’s Degree from the University of Hawaii in 1949.  Following that he would earn his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1955.

During World War II he served with A Company, 389th Infantry Regiment, 98th Infantry Division in the Pacific Theater. He participated in entering Japan at the end of the War.  He was involved in taking over prisoner of war camps and the collection and destroying Japanese weapons. Mr. Gill was also involved in gathering evidence of war crimes committed by the Japanese. Among the cases he investigated were those involving medical experimentation on humans.

He was called to duty as an Army Reservist for the Korean War following his completion of his master’s degree.  He joined the Investigations Office the first summer.  The second summer he joined an engineering outfit in Okinawa. He retired from the Army Reserve as a colonel in 1960.

Subject/Index Terms

Administrative Information

Repository: Manuscripts
Accruals: 99-005, 99-004, 2001-006
Access Restrictions: This collection is not restricted.
Use Restrictions: Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections department. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Physical Access Note: This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use.
Acquisition Source: William Gill
Acquisition Method: Gift
Related Materials: William Walker World War II Collection For more information please see

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

Box 1: William R. Gill World War II War Crimes and POW CollectionAdd to your cart.
Barcode: 628593
Folder 1: Document Group G IV 1Add to your cart.
Index to the documents in this collection and a xerox copy of a clippings from September 1945.
Folder 2: Document Group G IV 2Add to your cart.
"A Short History of Ofuna POW Camp Documents"
Folder 3: Document Group G IV 3Add to your cart.
Copies of investigative reports on Ofuna POW camp.
Folder 4: Document Group G IV 4Add to your cart.
Copies of photographs of Japanese camp personnel.
Folder 5: Document Group G IV 5Add to your cart.
Copies of camp personnel and identification records.
Folder 6: Document Group G IV 6Add to your cart.
Copies of War Crimes reports from the Judge Advocate Section, War Crimes Defense.
Folder 7: Document Group G IV 7Add to your cart.
"Ofuna: Review of Trial and Sentences"
Folder 8: Document Group G IV 8Add to your cart.
Copy of  "Headquarters Eighth Army: Unitest States Army, Office of the Staff Judge Advoacte"  This document is dated 4 February, 1949.
Folder 9: Document Group G IV 9Add to your cart.
"Omori: Review of Trials and Senteces: Sanematsu and Itagaki"
Folder 10: Document Group G IV 10Add to your cart.
Reports on trial and sentences for the Ofuna Camp.
Folder 11: Document Group G IV 11 - 12Add to your cart.
Copies of legal documents from 1948.

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