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William Gill World War II War Crimes and POW Collection | Manuscripts

By Perri Hamilton

Collection Overview

Title: William Gill World War II War Crimes and POW CollectionAdd to your cart.
ID: 01/AR0168
Primary Creator: William R. Gill
Extent: 4.0 Boxes
Arrangement: The collection preserves the orgininal order of the papers.
Date Acquired: 07/27/1999. More info below under Accruals.
Subjects: World War II

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Collection of war crimes and POW material.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Clippings and copies of papers that document the prisoner of war camps in Japan.  The papers include correspondence, papers used in the prosecution of war crimes, and clippings

Biographical Note

William R. Gill was born in McDonald, Pennsylvania on July 21, 1920.  He graduated from High School in 1938. He was a member of the Reserve Officers Training Corps while attending Pennsylvania State University.  Mr. Gill earned a Bachelor of Science in Agronomy, graduating in December 1942.    He earned a Master’s Degree from the University of Hawaii in 1949.  Following that he would earn his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1955.

During World War II he served with A Company, 389th Infantry Regiment, 98th Infantry Division in the Pacific Theater. He participated in entering Japan at the end of the War.  He was involved in taking over prisoner of war camps and the collection and destroying Japanese weapons. Mr. Gill was also involved in gathering evidence of war crimes committed by the Japanese. Among the cases he investigated were those involving medical experimentation on humans.

He was called to duty as an Army Reservist for the Korean War following his completion of his master’s degree.  He joined the Investigations Office the first summer.  The second summer he joined an engineering outfit in Okinawa. He retired from the Army Reserve as a colonel in 1960.

Subject/Index Terms

Administrative Information

Repository: Manuscripts
Accruals: 99-005, 99-004, 2001-006
Access Restrictions: This collection is not restricted.
Use Restrictions: Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections department. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Physical Access Note: This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use.
Acquisition Source: William Gill
Acquisition Method: Gift
Related Materials: William Walker World War II Collection For more information please see

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

Box 2: William R. Gill World War II War Crimes and POW CollectionAdd to your cart.
Barcode: 628592
Folder 1: Document Group G V 1-8Add to your cart.
"The Conduct Ilse Koch War Crimes Trial"
Folder 2: Document Group G VI 1-5Add to your cart.
Copies of documents concerning the 73rd Bombardment Wing.
Folder 3: Document Group G VI 5-9Add to your cart.
Copies of articles or book chapters on bombardment wings in the Pacific in World War II.
Folder 4: Document Group VI 10-15Add to your cart.
A xerox copy of  "The Army Air Forces in Worl War II: Combat Chronology"  compiled by Kit C. Carter and Robert Mueller concerning the Twentieth Air Force.  "Historic Maxwell Air Force Base: Driving Tour Booklet"
Folder 5: Document Group G VI 16Add to your cart.
Copies of "Missing Air Crew Report" and other documents.
Folder 6: Document Group G VI 17Add to your cart.
These pages are copies of listings of Libraris holding military Information.
Folder 7: Document Group G VI 18Add to your cart.
Biographical essay, forms, and documents concerning World War II in the pacific.
Folder 8: Document Group G VI 19, 1998 - 1999Add to your cart.
Ed Barhard's letters to William Gill
Folder 9: Document Group G VI 19 (b), 1997Add to your cart.
Letters secured as a result of a general search letter which requested help.  The letters are from: Sheldon F. Edlridge, Ingrant Hermanson, Harris R. Owens, Mr. Mollwitz, George T. Broscoe, Rowan Kelknap, and Katherine D. Naff.
Folder 10: Document Group G VI 20, 1997Add to your cart.
Letters between Colonel Rollin C. Reineck and William R. Gill.
Folder 11: Document Group G VII 1-12Add to your cart.
1) "A Compilation of Biographical Source Documents Concerning Major William Heral Walker, U. S. Army Air Force (1919-1945) a Prisoner of War in Japan During World War II by William R. Gill and Davis P. Newton and A Biography of Major William H. Walkers by Elizabeth D. Schafer"; 2) "Waler Biography Distribution List"; 3-5) American Red Cross documents and correspondence; 6)Depatment of the Air Force letter; 7)"USS Benevolence, 1945-1947"; 8) "Warrior Without Weapons"; 9) "The Biology of Human Starvation"; 10-11) Broadside requesting information of William H. Walker and correspondence; 12) "Point of No Return."
Folder 12: Document Group G VII 13Add to your cart.
Jean Balch correspondence that contains documents and a photograph.
Folder 13: Document Group G VII 14, 1997Add to your cart.
Correspondence between William R. Eustis and William R. Gill.
Folder 14: Document Group G VII 15, 1999Add to your cart.
This folder contains information on the POW Camp Ofuna and  correspondence with Davis P. Newton.
Folder 15: Document Group G VII 16, 1997Add to your cart.
Correspondence between William R. Gill and Mrs. Jean Walker Voss, Callie Reneker,  and Gregory Young (includes photograph).

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