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Bell Helicopter Records, 1944-2011 | University of North Texas Special Collections

By Robert Lay, Sam Ivie, Amanda Montgomery, Savannah Bruce, Connor Flowers, Morgan Sisk, and Trista Neeley

Collection Overview

Title: Bell Helicopter Records, 1944-2011Add to your cart.
Predominant Dates:1980-2000
ID: 01/AR0836
Primary Creator: Bell Helicopter Textron (1935-)
Extent: 318.0 Linear Feet
Arrangement: The Bell Helicopter Records are an extensive and highly organized collection; it has been divided into nine series and eleven sub-series to reflect different offices of origin and/or intended function of the records contained therein. Each series or sub-series may feature a different level of description or system of arrangement as appropriate to the content. In general, audio/visual recordings are listed at the item level, manuscripts at the folder level, and negatives at the box level. Researchers are highly encouraged to refer to the Box and Folder Listing below for a more complete description of the scope and content of each series and sub-series.
Date Acquired: 11/00/2014. More info below under Accruals.
Subjects: Bell, Lawrence Dale, Military helicopters--Huey (Helicopter), Military helicopters--HueyCobra, Military helicopters--UH-1 (Helicopter), United States--History--Vietnam War, 1961-1975, Young, Arthur M.
Languages: English

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Abstract

The Bell Helicopter Records document seventy-one years of Bell Helicopter Textron's corporate history. The collection includes manuscript materials such as corporate memos, correspondence, planning documents, reports, studies, white papers, and spec sheets; photographs of various aircraft, noteworthy public figures, and production facilities in Hurst, TX, Amarillo, TX, Buffalo, NY, and Mirabel, Quebec, Canada; and film recordings for promotional, engineering, and training purposes. Major highlights include the UH-1, or Huey, series of helicopter, the Vietnam War, the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, and commercial aircraft including the Bell 47, the first helicopter certified for civilian use; the Bell 222 twin-engine light helicopter; the Bell 206 family, including the JetRanger and LongRanger models; and Bell 400 TwinRanger.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Bell Helicopter Records document seventy-one years of aviation history, including aircraft development and testing, military contracts, civil aviation, corporate life, and the growth of the Hurst-Euless-Bedford area of Dallas-Fort Worth. The majority of the collection is composed on audio-visual recordings and photographic negatives. The collection also contains office records such as memoranda, press releases, ad scripts, reports, and presentation text, many of these created by former executives of Bell Helicopter. The collection also contains a reference library of aircraft specifications, maintenance and user manuals, and promotional material that had been built and maintained by Bell Helicopter over several decades for the use of its employees.

The bulk of the helicopter information in these records concerns Bell’s military aircraft, though there is also significant coverage of its civilian craft, particularly the Model 47 (the first commercial helicopter certified by the FAA), the Bell 222 twin-engine light helicopter, the 206 family (including TwinRanger, LongRanger, and JetRanger variants), the 214 and 214ST medium lift helicopters, and the four-blade Bell 407 frequently used by law enforcement and news organizations.

A particular area of focus for this collection is the UH-1, or Huey, helicopter. A staple of the Vietnam War, over 7,000 Hueys were built at the Hurst, TX facility for use in Vietnam from 1962 to 1975. The collection documents the development and rollout of the experimental YH-40 model, the UH-1D and UH-1H troop transport models, the UH-1C attack helicopter, the UH-1E Marine Corps variant, and the twin-engine UH-1N, as well as other models in the Huey family.

Other military helicopters documented in this collection include the H-13 Sioux light observation helicopter (used during the Korean War), the Bell 207 Sioux Scout, the AH-1 Cobra and SuperCobra attack helicopters, and the OH58 Kiowa and OH-58D Kiowa Warrior observation helicopters.

Much of the collection covers Bell Helicopter’s role in the development of tiltrotor aircraft. This coverage includes early test flights of the XV-3 in the 1950s, the development and testing of the XV-15 in the 1970s and 1980s, and the rollout of the V-22 Osprey in 1989. The V-22 is extensively documented in photographs, promotional material, and press releases about the development of the aircraft.

Collection Historical Note

Founded by aviation pioneer Lawrence Dale Bell, the company that eventually became Bell Helicopter began as part of Bell Aircraft Corporation in Buffalo, NY. In 1941, Bell made an offer to Art Young, an early pioneer in helicopter design, to join the company and provide expertise on rotor wing aircraft designs. That partnership produced the Bell 30 and the Bell 47, the first helicopter certified for civilian use.

The helicopter division of the company began to exert more indepedence as its output of rotor wing aircraft began to rival Bell Aircraft's output of fixed wing aircraft. In 1951, the entire division established a new headquarters in Hurst, TX. When technology conglomerate Textron purchased Bell Aerospace in 1960, it spun off the helicopter division to create Bell Helicopter as a separate corporation.

Bell Helicopter has become one of the largest manufacturers of both military and commercial aircraft in North America, with facilities in Hurst and Amarillo, TX and Mirabel, Quebec. The company is particularly known for manufacturing the UH-1, or Huey, series of helicopters, which were the workhorse aircraft for combat, troop transport, and medevac operations during the Vietnam War, and for pioneering vertical take-off and landing aircraft design with the experimental XV-15 and its full-production version, the V-22 Osprey. It also manufactures an array of civilian aircraft, including the Bell 407 frequently used by law enforcement agencies, television news stations, and for aerial filmmaking and photography, and the Bell 222, seen in the television series Airwolf.

Subject/Index Terms

Administrative Information

Repository: University of North Texas Special Collections
Accruals:

Original donation: Accession # 2014-75

First accretion: Accession # 2016-43

Access Restrictions: This collection is not restricted.
Use Restrictions:

All rights to the documents, images, recordings, and other items in the Bell Helicopter Records are retained by the University of North Texas.

Materials may be reproduced for general public historical awareness purposes.

Physical Access Note: This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use.
Technical Access Note:

Access to audio/visual recordings can be provided by the UNT Media Library. Due to the condition and age of the 16mm films, these items will are only available digitally, and must requested using the Special Collections scan-on-demand procedure. Video cassettes can be requested and viewed in the Media Library, and can also be digitized on request.

At this time, access to photographic negatives can only be provided through the direct assistance of archives staff. Please contact the department for any and all photograph requests.

The department can provide access to most born-digital content upon request. Proprietary file formats may not be available for immediate viewing; these will be decided on a case by case basis. Please contact the dpeartment directly for any requests involving born-digital records in the collection.

Some photographs from this collection are available for viewing on the Portal to Texas History at https://texashistory.unt.edu/explore/collections/BELLHR/

Acquisition Source: Bell Helicopter Textron
Acquisition Method: Donation
Appraisal Information:

Prior to donating the materials, Bell Helicopter staff reviewed the collection to remove sensitive personnel records, proprietary company records, and any records still under government classification.

A team of archivists from UNT Libraries visited the Hurst facility in June 2015 to appraise the records and advise on what types of material would be best suited for preservation. The archivists were concerned about the space constraints involved in accepting a large amount of engineering data that might have limited value in regards to the history of the company--this would include materials testing and strain test results that would be all but impossible for a person without a background in engineering to understand. After some deliberation the archivists decided that this engineering and scientific data might have value to audiences that were not traditional users of archives, and the engineering data Bell intended to transfer was not as large as previously thought. The archivists retained this material, with the exception of three linear feet of photo-negatives labeled "MET Lab."

MET Lab refers to the metellurgical lab, which conducted microscopic analysis of aircraft materials. These negatives were microscopic photographs of unidentifiable material samples, and could not be traced to any written test reports. Representatives from Bell did not believe that there was anyone capable of providing information about the MET Lab negatives, so these materials were deaccessioned from the collection.

In addition to the MET Lab negatives, the archivists deaccessioned multiple copies of records. Among the manuscripts were several hundred identical copies of aircraft brochures. The archivists retained three copies of each of these and deaccessioned the remainder.

Preferred Citation: The Bell Helicopter Records, 1944 - 2011, University of North Texas Special Collections
Processing Information:

These records were processed by the special projects team of the Department of Special Collections.

Sam Ivie - Photographic prints, photographic negatives, and slides

Amanda Montgomery - Negative index database

Savannah Bruce - Reference Library, Aircraft Files, and photographic negatives

Connor Flowers - Executive Files, Public Relations, photographic negatives, and negative index database

Trista Neeley - Audio/visual materials and Reference Library

Morgan Sisk - Photographic negatives

Robert Lay - Aircraft Files, Sales Records, and general project management and oversight

Other URL: https://texashistory.unt.edu/explore/collections/BELLHR/

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:


Series 2: Executive FilesAdd to your cart.
This series contains the office records of key individuals within Bell Helicopter. This includes several CEOs, executive assistants, and public relations officers. The files document corporate partnerships; airshow presentations; the creation of satellite facilities in Amarillo, TX and Mirabel, Quebec, Canada; and white papers for civilian use of tiltrotor aircraft. This series features folder-level description and is arranged alphabetically.
Extent: 6 linear feet
Box 118Add to your cart.
 
Barcode: 691751
Folder 1: 40th Anniversary, 1976-1985Add to your cart.
 
Folder 2: 50th Anniversary, 1995-1996Add to your cart.
 
Folder 3: 609 Briefing, 1997Add to your cart.
 
Folder 4: 1985 Appointment Calendar, 1985Add to your cart.
 
Folder 5: 1986 Appointment Calender, 1986Add to your cart.
 
Folder 6: 1987 Appointment Calendar, 1987Add to your cart.
 
Folder 7: 1989 Appointment Calendar, 1989Add to your cart.
 
Folder 8: 1990 Appointment Calendar, 1990Add to your cart.
 
Folder 9: 1992 Appointment Calendar, 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 10: 1993 Appointment Calendar, 1993Add to your cart.
 
Folder 11: 1994 Bell Helicopter Textron Calendar, 1994Add to your cart.
 
Folder 12: 1995 Bell Helicopter Textron Calendar, 1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 13: 1997 Bell Helicopter Textron Calendar, 1997Add to your cart.
 
Folder 14: 1997 Christmas Address List Manufacturing, Engineering, & Tooling, 1997Add to your cart.
 
Folder 15: 1999 Calendar, 1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 16: 2000 Millennium Calendar, 2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 17: 2004 Calendar, 2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 18: 2005 Calendar, 2005Add to your cart.
 
Folder 19: 2006 Calendar, 2006Add to your cart.
 
Folder 20: 2006 Calendar Armed Forces Edition, 2006Add to your cart.
 
Folder 21: 2007 Calendar, 2007Add to your cart.
 
Folder 22: 2007 Calendar, 2007Add to your cart.
 
Folder 23: 2008 Calendar, 2008Add to your cart.
 
Folder 24: 2010 Calendar, 2010Add to your cart.
 
Folder 25: 2012 Appointment Calendar, 2012Add to your cart.
 
Folder 26: Advanced Rotorcraft Technology Integration Program, 1967-1986Add to your cart.
 
Folder 27: The Aerostructures Corporation V-22 Empennage, April 2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 28: Airwolf, 1984Add to your cart.
 
Folder 29: Archives, 2003Add to your cart.
 
Folder 30: Arlington Airport Suit, 1984Add to your cart.
 
Folder 31: Army's Advanced Composite Airframe Program, May 1987Add to your cart.
 
Folder 32: Army-Navy Cognizance Changeover Ceremony, Bell Helicopter Company, October 29, 1963Add to your cart.
 
Folder 33: Terry Arnold, Media Training, February 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 34: Jim Atkins, 1972-1997Add to your cart.
 
Folder 35: Aviation Certificates, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 36: Awards, 1999-2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 37: Background Material On Texas Task Force For Tiltrotor Technology, October 1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 38: Bell 25th Anniversary, May 21, 1976Add to your cart.
 
Folder 39: Bell 407 GX, 2011Add to your cart.
 
Folder 40: Bell 429, 2011Add to your cart.
 
Folder 41: Bell AH-1Z Card, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 42: Larry Bell Biography, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 43: Bell Canada, 1997-2002Add to your cart.
 
Box 119Add to your cart.
 
Barcode: 691752
Folder 1: Bell Canada Brochure, 1986-1987Add to your cart.
 
Folder 2: Bell Commercial Helicopter Brochure, May 1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 3: Bell Commercial Helicopter Brochure, April 1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 4: Bell Helicopter Amarillo, 1980-1990Add to your cart.
 
Folder 5: Bell Helicopter History, 1990-1991Add to your cart.
 
Folder 6: Bell Helicopter XV-3 and XV-15 Experimental Aircraft - Lessons Learned, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 7: Bell History, 1945-1989Add to your cart.
 
Folder 8: Bell's SRR/222 Right for the Coast Guard: It's Right For the Crews, It's Right For the Missions, It's Right For the Ships, 1997-1998Add to your cart.
 
Folder 9: Biographies, 1976-1982Add to your cart.
 
Folder 10: Canada [1 of 2], 1983-1986Add to your cart.
 
Folder 11: Canada [2 of 2], 1985-1986Add to your cart.
 
Folder 12: Canadian Program, 1983-1986Add to your cart.
 
Folder 13: Canadian Program - Canadian Program, 1983Add to your cart.
 
Folder 14: Certificates, New York, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 15: Civil Tiltrotor Missions and Applications: A Research Study, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 16: Cobra Brochure, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 17: Collier Trophy, 1998-2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 18: Environmental [1 of 2], 1986-1994Add to your cart.
 
Folder 19: Environmental [2 of 2], 1986-1994Add to your cart.
 
Folder 20: Exhibit - Letter and Diagram, Media Asset List, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 21: Exhibit - Notes, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 22: Exhibit - Stand Off System, 2002Add to your cart.
 
Folder 23: F.A.S.H. U.K. V-22, 1997-1998Add to your cart.
 
Folder 24: From the Sea, 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 25: Fuji 609, 2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 26: FY96 Air Force Rescue Mission Area Development Plan, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Box 120Add to your cart.
 
Barcode: 691753
Folder 1: Gulf War [1 of 2], 1991Add to your cart.
 
Folder 2: Gulf War [2 of 2], 1991Add to your cart.
 
Folder 3: Historical Canada, December 21, 1989Add to your cart.
 
Folder 4: Historical Canada - Canadian 206B Ceremony, March-May 1981Add to your cart.
 
Folder 5: L. M. Horner Photos For Use In Magazine Articles, Spring 1990Add to your cart.
 
Folder 6: L.M. Horner Photos For Use In Magazine Articles - L.M. Horner, Spring 1990Add to your cart.
 
Folder 7: International Calendar April 2006 - March 2007, 2006Add to your cart.
 
Folder 8: Iran-Iraq [1 of 3], 1983-1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 9: Iran-Iraq [2 of 3], 1984-1993Add to your cart.
 
Folder 10: Iran-Iraq [3 of 3], 1990-2001Add to your cart.
 
Folder 11: Iran-Iraq-Sarkis, 1975-1991Add to your cart.
 
Folder 12: Joint Services Advanced Vertical Lift Aircraft Program, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 13: Dwayne K. Jose, 1989-1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 14: Clifford J. Kalista, October 28, 1982Add to your cart.
 
Folder 15: James J. Kenna, Jr., 1983-1986Add to your cart.
 
Folder 16: Korea Multi-Role Helicopter (KMH) Program Drafts, February 18-26, 2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 17: Lean Manufacturing, 1996-1997Add to your cart.
 
Folder 18: Bob Leder - Clippings and Manufacturing Data [1 of 2], 1991-2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 19: Bob Leder - Clippings and Manufacturing Data [2 of 2], 1993-2003Add to your cart.
 
Folder 20: Bob Leder - Clipping and Memo File, 1989-1994Add to your cart.
Flight safety investigations, sales to Indonesia, commercial helicopter operating regulations in Europe, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), remanufactured AH-1F Cobras, 214 A/B/C safety, sales to Mexico, Amnesty International call for halting sales to Turkey, spare parts procuremnet audit, sales to Columbia
Folder 21: Bob Leder - "Shit" File [1 of 2], 1983-1991Add to your cart.

Cardeon-Bell 206L, Chile, Iraq, unauthorized replacement parts, Jonathon Moyle murder, Bureau of International Narcotics Matters, Bell-Agusta agreement, Texas Day at the Paris Airshow, "Skies above Texas," Guatemalan combat incident mishap report, Bell Helicopter v. Space Craft, Inc.

Nepalese training flight incident (mass bumping), Iranian contract arbitration, UH-1N lawsuit, NHK Okinawa Bay accident, sales to Iraq, sales to Iran, 214 A/B, Bell personnel automobile accident in Turkey

Folder 22: Bob Leder - "Shit" File [2 of 2], 1983-1991Add to your cart.
 
Box 121Add to your cart.
 
Barcode: 691754
Folder 1: Robert L. Lichten, 1965-1971Add to your cart.
 
Folder 2: Howard C. Lowe, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 3: Robert R. Lynn, 1980-1988Add to your cart.
 
Folder 4: Robert B. Macdonald, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 5: William J. Maddox IV, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 6: Rex Marion, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 7: Chester M. McKeen, 1988Add to your cart.
 
Folder 8: Dan McCrary, February 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 9: Mike McWherter, 1991-1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 10: Mary's Stuff, 1993Add to your cart.
 
Folder 11: Media Services, 1998-2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 12: Media Training [1 of 2], 1988-1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 13: Media Training [2 of 2], 1989-1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 14: George Metzger, December 8, 1994Add to your cart.
 
Folder 15: Military, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 16: John Murphey, 1997-2003Add to your cart.
 
Folder 17: John Murphey, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 18: National Medal of Technology 1997 PackageAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 19: Navy League - Bob Cox [1 of 2], 2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 20: Navy League - Bob Cox [2 of 2], 2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 21: Navy Marine Corps TiltRotor, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 22: New York/New Jersey Port Authority CTR Study, June 1987Add to your cart.
 
Folder 23: PAC, October 22, 2001Add to your cart.
 
Folder 24: Bill Paxon Correspondence, October 5, 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 25: Ron R. Reber, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 26: Michael Redenbaugh, 2003-2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 27: Edward J. Renouard, Boeing Helicopters, Executive Vice President, October 1990Add to your cart.
 
Folder 28: Request for Letter of Support, January 4, 1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 29: Pat Rever, May 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 30: Mike Robbins, October 1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 31: George Robertson, 1993-1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 32: Jim Rogers, October 13, 1993Add to your cart.
 
Folder 33: San Diego, 2004Add to your cart.
 
Folder 34: Seven Great Bell Helicopters That Meet Tomorrow's Needs. Today!, December 1980Add to your cart.
 
Folder 35: P.D. Shabay, 1994Add to your cart.
 
Box 122Add to your cart.
 
Barcode: 691755
Folder 1: Lloyd Shoppa, 1989-1997Add to your cart.
 
Folder 2: Lloyd Shoppa - Biography, 1989-1996Add to your cart.
 
Folder 3: Nora Slatkin, 1993Add to your cart.
 
Folder 4: W. Clive Sloan, March 14, 1988Add to your cart.
 
Folder 5: Hank Smyth, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 6: Walter G.O. Sonneborn, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 7: Special Operation Forces Missions and People, 1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 8: Special Operation Forces/Combat Search and Rescue, 1995Add to your cart.
 
Folder 9: Speech Writing [1 of 2], 1994-1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 10: Speech Writing [2 of 2], 1991-1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 11: Richard Spivey, May 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 12: John H. Steele, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 13: Terry Stinson [1 of 2], 1996-1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 14: Terry Stinson [2 of 2], 1996-2001Add to your cart.
 
Folder 15: Terry Stinson, 1997-1999Add to your cart.
 
Folder 16: Terry Stinson and Other Clippings [1 of 2], 1998-2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 17: Terry Stinson and Other Clippings [2 of 2], 1997-2001Add to your cart.
 
Folder 18: Stinson Interview, 1997-1998Add to your cart.
 
Folder 19: Stinson Speech [1 of 2], undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 20: Stinson Speech [2 of 2], undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 21: Textron - Robert P. Straetz, President, February 1978Add to your cart.
 
Folder 22: Brennon R. (Ray) Swindell, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 23: Donald L. Taylor, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 24: Technical Publications Department, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 25: Technology Update, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 26: Tommy H. Thomason, 1988-1994Add to your cart.
 
Box 123Add to your cart.
 
Barcode: 691756
Folder 1: T.R. Treff, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 2: George G. Troutman, January 1, 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 3: Turkey AH-1Z, 1998-2003Add to your cart.
 
Folder 4: Turkey AH-1Z - AV Week Editorial Board Meeting, October 25, 2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 5: Turkey Clippings, 1996-2000Add to your cart.
 
Folder 6: Union Contract, 1993Add to your cart.
 
Folder 7: Elaine Vaught, March 31, 2003Add to your cart.
 
Folder 8: Philip G. Waibel, Deceased, January 1992Add to your cart.
 
Folder 9: Sandi Walker, June 15, 1998Add to your cart.
 
Folder 10: Sandy Walker, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 11: Hans Weischel, Jr., undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 12: What's the One Electric Utility Machine That Works As A Powerline Patrol, Crew Shuttle, Crane, Bus, Parts Truck, Administration Office, Conference Room, Medevac Vehicle...and More?, June 1979Add to your cart.
 
Folder 13: Robert R. Williams, President, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 14: John Wright, May 16, 1994Add to your cart.
 
Folder 15: Arthur Young, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 16: Dell Young, undatedAdd to your cart.
 
Folder 17: John F. Zugschwert, June 1991Add to your cart.
 

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