U. S. S. Houston Survivors Collection, 1976-1997
[Back to Formatted Version]
Brief Description: The bulk of the collection is made up of cassette tapes concerning the prisoners of war  from the U. S. S. Houston and the H.M.A.S. Perth.  The Americans and Australians  were held by the Japanese for three and a half years.  The tapes are a mix of commercially made and home made recordings of interviews and other programs on the survivors.  The collection also contains microfilm of documents concerning war crimes and reports on the U. S. S. Houston.  The VHS tapes appear to have been home recordings of television shows or lectures.
Held at:
University Archives
Record Series Number: 01/AR0903
Created by: Otto Schwarz (1923-2006), Gertrude (Trudy) Emma Kraft Schwarz (1923-2017)
Volume: 1.0 Boxes
Acquired: 00/00/1998.
Arrangement: The collection is arranged by the type of material.
Biographical Note for Otto Schwarz (1923-2006) : Otto Schwarz was born in Newark, New Jersey on September 6, 1923 and died on August 3, 2006 in Lyons, New Jersey.  He dropped out of high school and joined the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression.  He enlisted in the United States Navy in 1941.  Mr. Schwarz survived the sinking of the U. S. S. Houston in 1942 in Java. He spent three and a half years as a prisoner of war working on the Burma-Thailand Railway.  Mr. Schwarz was awarded the Purple Heart, American Defense service Medal, Asiatic Pacific Area Campaign Medal with two bronze stars, Philippine Defense Medal with one star, World War II Victory Medal, and  the Good Conduct Medal.  He married Gertrude Emma Schwarz in 1946. After leaving the Navy he worked for the United States Postal Service where he had a thirty-seven year career. He retired in 1980.  In the late 1940s he founded the U. S. S. Houston (CA30) Survivors Association and Next Generation.  His work on environmental issues and preservation of wooded land around Union, New Jersey was recognized with the naming of the Otto Schwarz Woods in 2003. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia.
Access Restrictions: This collection is not restricted.
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Rights/Use Restrictions: Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections department. Copyright restrictions may apply.
Physical Access Notes: This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hour notice prior to use.
Acquisition Notes: Otto and Gertrude (Trudy) Schwarz  Gift
Related Materials: Oral History Program Collection For more information please see https://findingaids.library.unt.edu/?p=collections/findingaid&id=203&q=Oral+History+Program#.WrkrqYjwaUk.
PreferredCitation: U. S. S. Houston Survivors Collection, University of North Texas Special Collections.