01/AR0939 Guide to the Mica England Collection (The Dallas Way) England, Mica Collection (The Dallas Way) Finding Aid Authors: Julie Judkins.

© Copyright 2020 University of North Texas Special Collections. All rights reserved.

2020-04-15
University of North Texas, Willis Library 1155 Union Circle # 305190 Denton, TX, 76203 URL: https://library.unt.edu/special-collections/
This finding aid was encoding in EAD by Archon 3.21 from an SQL database source on April 27th, 2021. The collection description/finding aid is written in English
Guide to the Mica England Collection (The Dallas Way) 1989/2019 University of North Texas Special Collections Overview of the Collection Mica England Collection (The Dallas Way) 1989-2019 01/AR0939 24.00 University of North Texas Special Collections
University of North Texas, Willis Library 1155 Union Circle # 305190 Denton, TX, URL: https://library.unt.edu/special-collections/
This collection consists of 24 items related to Mica England's anti-discrimination lawsuit against the Dallas Police Department (DPD), England vs. The City of Dallas, Mack Vines, and the State of Texas.
Administrative History:

On July 10, 1989, Mica England was denied employment with the Dallas Police Department (DPD) because she disclosed that she was a lesbian during her interview. England had previously applied to the DPD in 1987 and passed the required written exam, psychological exam, and physical test, but failed the polygraph test when she was asked if she had ever engaged in “deviant sex.” At the time sexual intercourse between two persons of the same sex was considered “deviant” and a Class C misdemeanor under Texas Penal Code 21.06. (21.06 was declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in 2003 via the ruling in Lawrence v. Texas.) Before England re-applied to the DPD in 1989 she was assured by DPD recruiters that her sexual orientation would not disqualify her from employment and therefore she was surprised to be told that the DPD did not hire gays. With the assistance of the Dallas Gay Alliance, England spoke before the Dallas City Council two times in July 1989 and January 1992, petitioning for the DPD to change its hiring policy. When these appearances proved to be unsuccessful, England filed a lawsuit against the City of Dallas, Mack Vines (the DPD Chief of Police under whose tenure England was denied employment), and the State of Texas. In February 1992, Judge Lawrence L. Fuller of the 200th Judicial District Court, Travis County, granted partial summary judgment, declaring section 21.06 of the Penal Code unconstitutional, and instructed the DPD not to enforce 21.06 or to deny employment based solely on an applicant's admission of violating section 21.06 or of being homosexual. Lambda Legal Defense fund considers England vs. The City of Dallas, Mack Vines, and the State of Texas to be a landmark case because it decreased discrimination in municipal employment throughout Texas by determining that the DPD’s enforcement of 21.06 in relation to employment was discriminatory.

England never became a police officer because she realized that her case had brought her too much notoriety and it would affect her effectiveness as a law enforcement officer. Instead she pursued a career as a chef. England was selected by the Dallas Holocaust Museum as one of their inaugural "upstanders." Her story is on permanent display at the museum.

Sources:

"England vs. The City of Dallas, Mack Vines, and the State of Texas," The Dallas Way.

"The City of Dallas and Mack Vines/Mica England v. Mica England/The State of Texas--Appeal from 200th District Court of Travis County," Justia.

Access Terms

This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Geographic Name: Dallas County (Tex.) Topical Term: Gay rights--Texas Gay rights--United States Trials--United States.
Title:

Mica England Collection (The Dallas Way), 1989-2019

Administrative Information Acquisition Information:

Gift.

Accruals:

2019-060

Conditions Governing Use:

Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections department. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is not restricted.

Preferred Citation:

Mica England Collection (The Dallas Way), University of North Texas Special Collections

Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements:

This collection exists only in a digital format and must be viewed in The Portal to Texas History.

The digital collection can be found in The Portal to Texas History.

Arrangement of Materials:

This collection is arranged into three series by media type, Series 1: Documents, Series 2: Photographs, and Series 3: Audiovisual.

Scope and Contents

Materials in this collection include photographs, legal documents, England's press kit, excerpts from books that mention England's case, newspaper articles, a press release, and a video of England's 1989 interview with Larry King.

Detailed List of Contents id264156 Documents Scope and Contents

Legal documents related to England's case, England's press kit, newspaper articles about England and her case, and press releases.

id264163 England v. The City of Dallas, Mack Vines, and the State of Texas id264160 1 Affidavit of Mica England January 3, 1991 Title:

Affidavit of Mica England

id264161 2 Order and Final Judgment February 8, 1992 Title:

Order and Final Judgement: Mica England, Plantiff v. The State of Texas, The City of Dallas, and Mack Vines, Chief of Police of the City of Dallas, Defendants

id264162 3 Appellants' Brief June 23, 1992 Title:

Appellants' Brief

id264164 4 "Judge Overturns Dallas Police Ban on Homosexuals," Associated Press February 4, 1992 Title:

Judge Overturns Dallas Police Ban on Homosexuals

id264165 5 "Mica Stands Up - and Pays the Price," Dallas Morning News May 4, 1992 Title:

Mica Stands Up - and Pays the Price

id264166 6 "D∅mt på sit privat-liv," Ekstra Bladet November 17, 1991 Title:

D∅mt på sit privat-liv

id264167 7 "Lesbian Settles Suit For Bias in Dallas,"The New York Times September 16, 1994 Title:

Lesbian Settles Suit for Bias in Dallas

id264168 8 "England vs. The City of Dallas, Mack Vines, and the State of Texas," The Dallas Way May 10, 2015 Title:

England vs. The City of Dallas, Mack Vines, and the State of Texas

id264169 9 "Oologah Grad Becomes Reluctant Gay-Rights Champion," Tulsa World April 26, 1992 Title:

Oologah Grad Becomes Reluctant Gay-Rights Champion

id264170 10 Mica England's Press Kit Title:

Mica England Press Kit

id264171 11 Dallas Police Department employment application questionnaire 1989 Title:

1989 Dallas Police Department employment application questionnaire

id264172 12 "City of Dallas And Mack Vines v. Mica England, 846 S.W. 2D 957 (Tex. 1993)" 2005 Title:

City of Dallas And Mack Vines v. Mica England, 846 S.W. 2D 957 (Tex. 1993)

Scope and Contents

Excerpt from the published book Library in a Book: Gay Rights.

id264173 13 Mica England Synopsis of Accomplishments 1989-1994 Title:

Mica M. England, Synopsis of Events and Accomplishments 1989-1994

id264174 14 Challenge To Dallas Police Hiring Policies to Be Filed May 1, 1990 Title:

Challenge To Dallas Police Hiring Policies to Be Filed

Scope and Contents

Dallas Gay Alliance press release

id264175 15 Letter to Mica England from Bill Clinton July 2, 1993 Title:

Letter to Mica England from Bill Clinton

id264176 16 Excerpt from Uncommon Heroes about Mica England 1994 Title:

Excerpt from Uncommon Heroes about Mica England

id264157 Photographs id264177 17 Photograph of Barbara Hobbs, Mica England, and Lupe Valdez circa 2015 Title:

Photograph of Barbara Hobbs, Mica England, and Lupe Valdez

id264178 18 Mica England at Dallas City Hall January 23, 1992 Title:

Mica England at Dallas City Hall

id264179 19 Mica England stands in front of Dallas City Hall January 23, 1992 Title:

Mica England stands in front of Dallas City Hall

id264180 20 Mica England holds up Equal Employment Opportunity poster July 12, 1989 Title:

Mica England holds up Equal Employment Opportunity poster

id264181 21 Mica England with David Mixner 199? Title:

Mica England and David Mixner

id264182 22 Mica England and Amber Roman September 17, 2019 Title:

Mica England and Amber Roman

id264183 23 Mica England and John Thomas embrace during march 199? Title:

Mica England and John Thomas embrace during march

id264158 Audiovisual id264184 24 Mica England and William Waybourn interview, Larry King Live 1989 Title:

Mica England on Larry King Live