01/AR0806 Guide to the Documenting The History of the Civil Rights Movement In Dallas County, Texas Oral History Collection Documenting The History of the Civil Rights Movement In Dallas County, Texas Finding Aid Authors: Emily Aparicio.

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University of North Texas, Willis Library 1155 Union Circle # 305190 Denton, TX, 76203 URL: https://library.unt.edu/special-collections/
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Guide to the Documenting The History of the Civil Rights Movement In Dallas County, Texas Oral History Collection University of North Texas Special Collections Overview of the Collection Documenting The History of the Civil Rights Movement In Dallas County, Texas Oral History Collection 2011 01/AR0806 Dallas African American Museum 28.00 University of North Texas Special Collections
University of North Texas, Willis Library 1155 Union Circle # 305190 Denton, TX, URL: https://library.unt.edu/special-collections/
30 DVDs of oral histories concerning civil rights in Dallas County, Texas conducted from August - November 2011.

Other Information:

The Griffin, James O.; Holmes, Zan; Johnson, Peter; and Jordan, Julia interviews are missing portions. The UNT Special Collections department never received the full interviews from the African-American Museum and are therefore currently unavailable.

Access Terms

This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Geographic Name: Dallas County (Tex.) Topical Term: African American civil rights workers--Texas--Dallas Civil rights Oral history
Administrative Information Accruals:

2014-35

Processing Information:

This collection is minimally processed.

Conditions Governing Use:

Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is not restricted.

Preferred Citation:

Documenting the History of the Civil Rights Movement in Dallas County, Texas Oral History Collection, University of North Texas Special Collections

Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements:

This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hour notice prior to use.

Arrangement of Materials:

The interviews are arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Contents

The Documenting the History of the Civil Rights Movement in Dallas County, Texas Oral History Collection archives the influential individuals who were integral to the local civil rights movement. Each interview focuses on the interviewee’s family and educational history, organizational involvement, and career or personal milestones which affected the local Civil Rights movement.  Additionally, the interview transcriptions traces the interviewee’s educational background into career assignments; spotlights specific involvement or leadership of Civil Rights organizations; and underscores emphasis of milestones in the Civil rights movement – stressing the significance of people, places, events, elections, board or court decisions, local or federal laws, and the integration of said decisions or laws relevant to the Dallas and national Civil rights movement.

Individual descriptions and memories of the movement, as well as banter between interviewer and interviewee, highlight the Dallas area during this momentous time in socio-cultural history.

Transcriptions of the interviews are pending upload to the Portal to Texas History.

Detailed List of Contents id109006 Interviews id109008 1 Atkins, Joseph L. September 30, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Joseph L. Atkins and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 30, 2011. The interview transcription details Atkins’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Jefferson, TX; Jefferson Elementary; Lincoln high school graduate; segregation in Dallas theatres (The Majestic and The Melbourne); NAACP youth council; Mrs. Juanita Craft; National NAACP convention; Philander Smith alumni; Atkins v. Mathews, UTEP alumni; military service; Dallas area teacher and administrator; Texas State Teacher’s Association; process of desegregation of public school system in Dallas.

id139935 2 Brashear September 29, 2011 id109009 3 Cloutman, Edward B. August 30, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Edward B. Cloutman and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interviewed was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on August 30, 2011. The interview transcription details Cloutman’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Lake Charles, LA; OEOU Legal Services; NAACP; law practice; Tasby v. Estes; defense lawyer; process of desegregation of public school system in Dallas; bussing; Black Coalition; L.E.A.D; equality of access in Dallas public schools.

id109007 4 Cotton, William H. September 8, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about William H. Cotton and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 8, 2011. The interview transcription details Cotton’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Hammond, TX; Lincoln high school graduate; Michigan State alumni; NTSU alumni; National Teacher’s exam; Dallas area teacher and administrator; South Oak Cliff; process of desegregation of public school system in Dallas; Dallas Independent School District director of elementary operations; integration of D.I.S.D central office; NAACP.

id139908 5 Dudley, Lavette Lipscomb September 27, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Lavette Lipscomb Dudley and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 27, 2011. The interview transcription details Dudley’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Dallas, TX; Dallas public schools; Bryan Adams high school graduate; Bishop College alumni; bussing; Human Relations Commission; council Al Lipscomb; community violence; school riots; South Dallas Information Center; incubator program; political activism; community assistance programs.

id139909 6 Flores, Hector September 3, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Hector Flores and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 3, 2011. The interview transcription details Flores’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Dilley, TX; LULAC; NAACP; migrant trail; St. Mary’s University alumni; Dallas Department of Justice; Dallas Office of Civil Rights; Dallas Alliance; desegregation of school district; 44-44-12 plan; minority representation for Dallas school system; public policy issues in education; lack of access to social service; P.U.S.H.

id139910 7 Fullinwider, John September 21, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about John Fullinwider and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 21, 2011. The interview transcription details Fullinwider’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Dallas, TX; Thomas Jefferson high school graduate, University of Texas alum; Inner-city Community Development Corporation; Dallas area teacher; South Oak Cliff Annex; Bois D’Arc patriots; Black Panthers Breakfast for Children event; public policy issues; political activism in Dallas; gentrification and mass displacement.

id139911 8 Gilliam, Kathlyn J. October 18, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Kathlyn J. Gilliam and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on October 18, 2011. The interview transcription details Gilliam’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Campbell, TX; Lincoln high school graduate; SMU alumni; segregation in public school system; desegregation process in Dallas, TX; National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers; segregation of PTA in Dallas; Tri-Ethnic Committee; Hawkins v. Coleman; D.I.S.D board of trustees; Black Coalition; learning centers in Dallas.

id139912 9 Griffin, James O. September 14, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about James O. Griffin and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 14, 2011. The interview transcription details Griffin’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: pacesetter schools; D.I.S.D administrator; magnet schools in Dallas; Hamilton Park Elementary; desegregation in D.I.S.D; Oak Cliff; integration of public schools and athletics programs in D.I.S.D; Dallas Black Dance Theatre; socio-economic issues in D.I.S.D. Part 1 of this interview was not received from the African-American Museum and is currently unavailable.

id139913 10 Harris, Edward October 21, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Edward Harris and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on October 21, 2011. The interview transcription details Harris’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Dallas, TX; James Madison high school graduate; Oak Cliff; district lines in D.I.S.D public schools; military service; Bishop College; University of Texas-Arlington alumni; SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee); socio-cultural climate of Dallas; author of In the Shadow of Big Tex; segregation in Dallas; law enforcement encounters; Grassroots, Inc.; judicial systems experiences; platoon leader; NAACP; Inner-city Community Development Corporation.

id139914 11 Herbner, Mark September 29, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Mark Herbner and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 29, 2011. The interview transcription details Herbner's early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Chicago, IL; Concordia College; SMU Lutheran campus pastor; Mt. Olive Lutheran Church; community service; implementation of community programs; NAACP; SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee); Dallas City Council; Dallas Community Action Agency; The Urban League; minority jobs programs; Opportunities Industrialization Center; ELCA; segregation in church congregations.

id139915 12 Holmes, Zan W., Jr. August 26, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Zan W. Holmes, Jr. and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on August 26, 2011. The interview transcription details Holmes’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in San Angelo, TX; Huston-Tillotson University alumni; SMU alumni; segregation in public school system; state and local politician; public lynching in Waco; pastor; Hamilton Park United Methodist Church; political activism; redistricting committee; desegregation in Dallas; NAACP; the Urban League; Piccadilly sit-in; SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee). Part 2 of this interview was not received from the African-American Museum and is currently unavailable.

id139916 13 Johnson, Peter September 21, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Peter Johnson and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 21, 2011. The interview transcription details Johnson’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: Inner-city Community Development Corporation; minority representation; Operation Breadbasket; Poor People’s Campaign; socio-economic issues in Dallas; SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference); commodities program; Warren church; Mt. Olive church; hunger management manifesto; Jesse Jackson feeds the hungry; African-American Men against Narcotics. Part 1 of this interview was not received from the African-American Museum and is currently unavailable.

id139917 14 Jordan, Julia September 7, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Julia Jordan (part 2) and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 7, 2011. The interview transcription details Jordan’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: Priscilla Art Club; National Medical Association; The Links; Ebony Fashion Fair; desegregation in public school system; sociocultural programs in Dallas; community education programs; political activism; marches; NAACP; first black school in Dallas (New Hope); Opportunities Industrial Center; Hillcrest; grandmother's experience in slavery; educational textbooks for underrepresented communities; Dallas African American Museum; Christianity's impact on family; family's political activism (daughter's experience at Fisk University); Booker T. Washington integration; segregation in Texas (tow services, department stores, and car dealerships); sociocultural issues in integration. Part 1 of this interview was not received from the African-American Museum and is currently unavailable.

id139918 15 Knight, Mavis B. August 26, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Mavis B. Knight and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on August 26, 2011. The interview transcription details Knight’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Durham, North Carolina; social services; academic career; North Carolina College; North Texas Coalition; Rights of Passage program; advisory committee for the Metro Superintendents; district of North Texas conference; State Board of Education; NAACP; volunteerism; community service; African-American Advisory Committee to the D.I.S.D Superintendent; desegregation process in Dallas; minority representation.

id139919 16 Lassiter, Wright L., Jr. September 30, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Wright L. Lassiter, Jr. and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 30, 2011. The interview transcription details Lassiter’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Vicksburg, Mississippi; Dallas Blueprint for Leadership; authorship; Salvation Army; community service; Alcorn State College alumni; teaching career; Tuskegee business program; military service; Montgomery bus boycott; home ownership program; ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union; Auburn University alumni; civil administration; first African-American president in state university system in New York; president of El Centro College; chancellor for the Dallas Co. community college district; the Urban League; United Way-Metro Dallas.

id139920 17 Martinez, Rene September 7, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Rene Martinez and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 7, 2011. The interview transcription details Martinez’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: North Dallas high school grad; SMU alumni; LULAC Council 100; public administration; educational leadership; Dallas area teacher and administrator; West Dallas Boy’s Club; political activism; lynching in Waco; Cedar Springs; Stair step plan; racial tensions; community relations commission; Tri-Ethnic committee; desegregation in Dallas; minority representation.

id139921 18 McCowan, Curtistene S. September 23, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Curtistene S. McCowan and ther history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 23, 2011. The interview transcription details McCowan’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Jefferson, TX; Central high school graduate; El Centro College alumni; Dallas Baptist University alumni; segregation in public school system; educational programs; Dallas area educator; diversity recruitment; Oak Cliff; NAACP; the Urban League; housing and education in DeSoto; school board member and president; community leadership.

id139922 19 McMillan, Eva and Ernest September 2, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Eva and Ernest McMillan and their history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interviewed was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 2, 2011. The interview transcription details the McMillan’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Gibson Co., Western Tennessee; Oak Cliff; White Rock community; Dallas Progressive Voters League; NAACP; political activism; SNCC ( Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; socio-political climate in Dallas; Black Women’s United Front and Food Co-op; People United for Justice for Prisons; CURE ( Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants); S.C.E.F; anti-klan organizations in Dallas; NDCC (National Defense Cadet Corps); Short North Dallas; State-Thomas area; SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference); CORE (Congress of Racial Equality).

id139923 20 Mitchell, Kathryn September 6, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Kathryn Mitchell and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 6, 2011. The interview transcription details the Mitchell’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Tyler, TX; farming, elementary education; bussing; cross-over teacher; Dallas area teacher; reading improvement programs; Parent-Teacher Association in Dallas; integration in D.I.S.D; West Dallas; teacher's aide program; East oak Cliff; Chapter One program; Texas College alumni.

id139924 21 Payton, Donald September 30, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Donald Payton and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 30, 2011. The interview transcription details Payton’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: Inner-city Community Development Corporation; birth in Cleveland, OH; WWII (father’s experience); Five Mile (Oak Cliff); segregation in Dallas; Hamilton Park area and school; Dunbar Library; Cedar crest; White Flight; integration of neighborhoods; bussing; segregation in Dallas schools; NTSU; political activism; school-pro at NTSU; integration of NTSU dormitories; segregation at NTSU; military draft; North Star book store; integration in education; Piccadilly sit-in.

id139925 22 Price, Robert L. August 12, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Robert L. Price and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by Malik H. Dulaney on August 12, 2011. The interview transcription details Price’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in St. Louis, Missouri; Wilson City College; military-service- field trainer; Roosevelt University alumni; business administration; NAACP; National Alliance of Black School Educators; National Black Presbyterian Caucus; Sigma Phi Phi Fraternity – Dallas Chapter; the Urban League; SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference); community service; desegregation in Dallas; Oak Cliff; school sit-ins; Dallas school board; Dallas administrators; re-segregation; political activism; socio-cultural climate in Dallas.

id139926 23 Prince, Robert, Jr. September 12, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Robert Prince, Jr. and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 12, 2011. The interview transcription details Prince’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Old North Dallas; African-American neighborhoods in Dallas; vagrancy law; Professor Melvin Tolson; Booker T, Washington high school graduate; Wiley College alumni; student at University of California-Berkley; military service and integration; Texas Southern University alumni; Korean War; American propaganda about race; the Sweatt case; shortcomings in educational facilities and resources; Medical Aptitude Test; Meharry Medical School alumni; St. Paul Hospital; obstetrics and gynecology; the Downtown Club; Parkland Hospital; Terry Plantation; board of Planned Parenthood.

id139927 24 Ragsdale, Diane August 18, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Diane Ragsdale and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on August 19, 2011. The interview transcription details Ragsdale’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Dallas, TX; James Madison high school graduate; NAACP; Juanita Craft; political activism; Maria Morgan YWCA; community service; South Dallas Information Center; Crossroads Community Service; the Urban League; TWU alumni; Dallas Baptist University alumni; SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference); grocery store pickets; zoning commission; land use committee; oversaturation in Dallas neighborhoods; Dallas City Council; community exploitation; Housing and Neighborhood services; Southern Dallas Development Commission.

id139928 25 Sorrells, Rosie C. October 6, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Rosie C. Sorrells and her history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on October 6, 2011. The interview transcription details Sorrells’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in rural Travis Co.; Anderson high school graduate (Austin); early education; Can Academy; CASE (Council for Advancement and Support of Education); Dallas area teacher and administrator; desegregation court order in Dallas; NAACP; National Association of State Boards of Education; Texas State Board of Education; minority representation; public school system philosophies; multi-age program; resource teachers; individualized instruction; 44-44-12 plan; church participation in Civil rights; segregation in public schools; Dallas superintendents in office during career; scholarships and awards in honor of Sorrells.

id139929 26 Thomas, Robert September 16, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Robert Thomas and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on September 16, 2011. The interview transcription details Thomas’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: desegregation of D.I.S.D; Dallas, TX; Dallas Bar Association; Belo Mansion; military service; Highland Park high school graduate; SMU alumni; law practice; representation of D.I.S.D; bussing; learning centers; enhanced academic programs; fiscal budget for minority students in D.I.S.D; programmatic remedies; Tri-racial desegregation; integration; east Oak Cliff; demographics of school districts; Woodrow Wilson high school; Townview comprehensive magnet.

id139931 27 White, H. Ron November 4, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about H. Ron White and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on November 4, 2011. The interview transcription details White’s early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: birth in Richmond, Virginia; Westwood Settlement; segregation in public schools; bussing; law practice; public sector and private sector clientele; community service; Howard University and Law school alumni; military service; occupational discrimination; NAACP; Black Chamber of Commerce; Dallas/Ft. Worth Minority Development Council.

id139930 28 Williams, Roy October 6, 2011 Scope and Contents

The following transcription contains information about Roy Williams and his history in the Dallas Civil rights movement. The interview was conducted by W. Marvin Dulaney and Alfred L. Roberts on October 6, 2011. The interview transcription details Williams’ early life including a brief family history and personal history with a focus on education background. Key organizations, events, and/or subjects featured in this interview include: Inner-city Community Development Corporation; birth in Longview, TX; segregation in public schools; chairman of NAACP-Youth Chapter; sit-in demonstrations; political activism; community activist; The Big Six; integration in higher education; athletics scholarships; U.S. Patent Office; military draft and service in the European Theatre (Vietnam Era); Howard Theater; Aberdeen Proving Grounds; police brutality against minorities; Citizen Review Board; diversity program in Dallas Police Academy; anti-apartheid resolution; author of And Justice for All: The Untold History of Dallas.