01/AR0731 Guide to the Victor Oppenheim Papers Oppenheim Finding Aid Authors: Zachary Richardson.

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Manuscripts
This finding aid was encoding in EAD by Archon 3.21 from an SQL database source on March 26th, 2021. The collection description/finding aid is written in English
Guide to the Victor Oppenheim Papers Manuscripts Overview of the Collection Victor Oppenheim Papers 1927-1996 01/AR0731 Oppenheim, Victor, 1906–2005 83.00 Manuscripts Collection of materials related to Victor Oppenheim and his activities as a geologist and explorer in South America. Administrative History:

Born in 1906 in Latvia, Victor Oppenheim spent much of his early life in China and other parts of East Asia with his father, a civil and mining engineer, and his mother. After his father’s untimely death, Victor and his mother returned to Latvia. He was educated at the University of Caen. In 1927, after graduation, Oppenheim was employed by Ludovick Barreau, an engineering and mining consultant firm in Paris. In 1929 the company sent Oppenheim to South America. During the next twenty years, he explored and geologically mapped the continent, usually as a consulting geologist for the countries he was exploring and mapping. His extensive travels through southern Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, and eastern Peru resulted in the first geological maps for each of those countries. In 1944 Victor Oppenheim completed the first geological map of an entire continent, which was published by the Pan American Institute of Mining, Engineering, and Geology in 1945. Among his other many achievements in South America were the discovery of the largest known coal reserve in the world at El Cerrejon and a large petroleum deposit at Cusiana, both in Colombia; the naming of a mountain range in eastern Ecuador, the Sierra de Cutucu; and the discovery of a hitherto unknown culture in Guarija, Colombia.

Victor Oppenheim continued his explorations and geological work after he left South America and established a consulting company in Dallas, Texas. He completed extensive field work in Latin America, Mexico, West Africa, as well as in the United States in Arkansas, Alaska, New Mexico, and Texas.

The author of over 120 scientific papers, Victor Oppenheim was honored by the Explorers Club, the American Institute of Professional Geologists, the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, and the Dallas Geological Society. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the country of Ecuador, and has been called the "Father of Colombian Geology."

Source: University of North Texas Libraries Rare Book Room, "Victor Oppenheim", in South of the Border: An Exhibition, February 15 - June 15, 1999 (http://www.library.unt.edu/rarebooks/exhibits/southborder/oppenheim.htm), accessed October 29, 2012.

Administrative Information Acquisition Information:

Gift

Accruals:

96-008, 97-003, 1997-027, 98-003, 99-006, 99-007, 2000-013, 00-01

Processing Information:

This collection is unprocessed. Please contact the UNT Archives for more information.

Conditions Governing Use:

Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Archives and Rare Books department. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Conditions Governing Access:

This collection is not restricted.

Preferred Citation:

Victor Oppenheim Papers, University of North Texas Special Collections

Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements:

This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use.

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, field notes, financial documents, printed material, literary productions, scrapbooks, maps, and photographs relating to Victor Oppenheim's activities as a geologist and explorer in South America. Included is material concerning the geological exploration of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.

Detailed List of Contents id88150 Boxed Records id19149 1 Biographical 5000005406 Scope and Contents

Notebooks, oral histories (7 folders)

id19150 2 Biographical 5000005407 Scope and Contents

Manuscripts (2 folders)

id19151 3 Biographical 5000005408 Scope and Contents

Bibliography, certificates, clippings, mineral collection, donations, collections books sold to Southern Methodist University, legal documents, letters and statements, maps, photographs (19 folders)

id19152 4 Publications 1932-1980s 5000005409 Scope and Contents

General, by and about Oppenheim, various dates (3 folders)

id19153 5 Publications 1935-1945 5000005410 Scope and Contents

By Victor Oppenheim (4 folders)

id19154 6 Publications 1946-1975 5000005411 Scope and Contents

By Victor Oppenheim (3 folders)

id19155 7 Manuscripts 5000005412 Scope and Contents

Under the Southern Cross: Explorations in Brazil (6 folders)

id19156 8 Manuscripts 1961-1995 5000005413 Scope and Contents

Under the Southern Cross ; computer disks (6 folders)

id19157 9 Argentina and Brazil 1931-1935 5000005414 Scope and Contents

Field notes, correspondence, newspaper clippings, scientific reports and papers, maps, photographs, telegrams (13 folders)

id19158 10 Brazil 1935-1942 5000005415 Scope and Contents

Expedition field notes, scientific papers and reports, correspondence, letters, maps (8 folders)

id19159 11 Venezuela and Colombia 1937-1941 5000005416 Scope and Contents

Field notes (6 folders)

id19160 12 Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru 1940-1944 5000005417 Scope and Contents

Field notes and reports, personal journals (8 folders)

id19161 13 Colombia 1945-1949 5000005418 Scope and Contents

Field notes (5 folders)

id19162 14 Photographs: Colombia 1948-1949 5000005419 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, various locations (28 folders)

id19163 15 Photographs: Colombia 5000005420 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, various locations (22 folders)

id19164 16 Photographs: Bolivia and Peru 5000005421 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, contact sheets, various locations (13 folders)

id19165 17 Photographs: Colombia 1939-1947 5000005422 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives ; postcards (25 folders)

id19166 18 Photographs: Peru 1944 5000005423 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, postcards (21 folders)

id19167 19 Photographs: Ecuador 1938 5000005424 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives (17 folders)

id19168 20 Photographs: Venezuela, Mexico, Canada, U.S., Panama, West Africa, and Paraguay 5000005425 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, contact sheets, postcards (33 folders)

id19169 21 Photographs: Uruguay, Bolivia, and Brazil 1935-1943 5000005426 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, contact sheets, postcards (11 folders)

id19170 22 Photographs: Ecuador ca. 1939 5000005427 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives (various locations), photo album, postcards (14 folders)

id19171 23 Photographs: Argentina 1930-1932 5000005428 Scope and Contents

Prints and negatives, photo album, postcards (26 folders)

id19172 24 Photographs: Colombia 1949 5000005429 Scope and Contents

Negative cartridges and strips

id19173 25 Photographs: Ecuador 5000005430 Scope and Contents

Negative cartridges

id19174 26 Photographs: Bolivia and Peru 1942-1943 5000005431 Scope and Contents

Negative cartridges

id19175 27 Photographs: Peru 5000005432 Scope and Contents

Negative cartridges

id19176 28 Photographs: Venezuela, Mexico, Canada, and U.S. ca. 1947 5000005433 Scope and Contents

Negative cartridges

id19177 29 Papers 1927-1939 5000005434 Scope and Contents

Photocopies and originals of correspondence, photographs, publications, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, reports, and travel and legal documents relating to Victor Oppenheim's geological surveys and explorations in South America (11 folders)

id19178 30 Printed material and literary productions 1930-1949 5000005435 Scope and Contents

Newspaper clippings (1932-1949), programs and references (1933-1946), published works (1930-1948) (18 folders)

id19179 31 Literary productions and printed material 1920s-1967 5000005436 Scope and Contents

Published works (1949-1967), manuscripts (1934-1936), speeches and lectures (1937-1947), bibliography ; photocopies of photographic prints of Latvia (1920s), France (1920s), and South America (1930s) ; maps and charts of geology of South America (1930s-1940s) (15 folders)

id19180 32 Papers 1940-1949 5000005437 Scope and Contents

Photocopies and originals of correspondence, photographs, publications, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, reports, and travel and legal documents relating to Victor Oppenheim's geological surveys and explorations in South America (10 folders)

id19181 33 Correspondence, financial and legal documents 1932-1948 5000005438 Scope and Contents

Correspondence (1932-1949), legal documents (1935, 1947); financial documents and receipts (1935, 1943, 1948) (27 folders)

id19182 34 Published works (not necessarily by Oppenheim) 1932-1951 5000005439 Scope and Contents

Reports and bulletins on natural history, natural resources, and geology by South American governmental departments and professional geological societies, with contributions from Victor Oppenheim; maps of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador

id19183 35 Papers 5000005440 Scope and Contents

Photocopies and originals of correspondence, photographs, publications, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, reports, and travel and legal documents relating to Victor Oppenheim's geological surveys and explorations in South America (10 folders)

id19184 36 Papers 5000005441 Scope and Contents

Photocopies and originals of correspondence, photographs, publications, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, reports, and travel and legal documents relating to Victor Oppenheim's geological surveys and explorations in South America

id19185 37 Photographic slides: Peru and Colombia ca. 1947-1959 5000005442 Scope and Contents

35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19186 38 Photographic slides: Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Venezuela, Panama, Jamaica, Peru, and Brazil ca. 1959-1960 5000005443 Scope and Contents

35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19187 39 Photographic slides: California, Colorado, and New Mexico 5000005444 Scope and Contents

35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19188 40 Photographic slides: New York State, Philadelphia, Texas 5000005445 Scope and Contents

35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19189 41 Photographic slides: Colombia 1949-1956 5000005446 Scope and Contents

35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19190 42 Photographic slide trays: Colombia, Peru, and Chile 1947-1959 5000005447 Scope and Contents

Micro-mount slide trays of 35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19191 43 Photographic slide trays: California, Texas, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and Peru 1958-1960 5000005448 Scope and Contents

Micro-mount slide trays of 35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19192 44 Photographic slide trays: South America, Europe, Alaska, and Mexico ca. 1969 5000005449 Scope and Contents

Micro-mount slide trays of 35mm Kodachrome transparencies

id19193 45 Photographic slides and film reel: Spain, United Kingdom, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Costa Rica 1968-1969 5000005450 Scope and Contents

35mm Kodachrome transparencies, micro-mount photographic slide trays, and 16mm film reel

id19194 46 Photographs: South America, Texas, and Colorado ca. 1952-1959 5000005451 Scope and Contents

Negatives

id19195 47 Photographic slides and film reel: South America, Texas, Colorado, and California 1959-1962 5000005452 Scope and Contents

16 mm film rolls and photographic slides

id19196 48 Travel-related: South America and West Africa 1877-1990 5000005453 Scope and Contents

Postcards from Peru (1959-1960), travel brochures and booklets for South America (1966-1967), notes on travels and working visits to South America (1959), West Africa photo album (1990), Latvian legal documents, Arqueologia del Departamento de Lima (1935), Cartilla y Catecismo de la Doctrina Cristiana en el idioma Quichua (1877)

id19197 49 Professional activity 1950-1991 5000005454 Scope and Contents

References, correspondence, reviews, letters, maps, awards; sound tape reel of book review of Explorations East of the High Andes (February 1959); photographs

id19198 50 Photographs and papers ca. 1957-1991 5000005455 Scope and Contents

Photographs, field reports, East of the Andes film project manuscripts, speech and lecture notes, clippings, correspondence

id19199 51 Papers 1960s-1990s 5000005456 Scope and Contents

Correspondence, clippings, awards, photocopies, manuscripts, notes, awards

id19200 52 Photograph albums 1975, 1986, 1989-1990 5000005457 Scope and Contents

Oppenheim personal photo albums

id19201 53 Photograph albums 1956-1969 5000005458 Scope and Contents

Oppenheim personal photo albums

id19202 54 Miscellaneous photographs and papers ca. 1986-1988 5000005459 Scope and Contents

Photograph album, awards, correspondence, geological reports on Ecuador and Brazil, report on Ecuadorian gold mine

id19203 55 Miscellaneous papers 5000005460 Scope and Contents

Miscellaneous notes, reports, clippings, correspondence, awards and achievements

id19204 56 Miscellaneous photographs and papers ca. 1984-1993 5000005461 Scope and Contents

Photographs, Oppenheim personal photo albums, correspondence, awards

id19205 57 Miscellaneous papers 1951-1996 5000005462 Scope and Contents

Correspondence and financial documents regarding mineral operations and oil exploration in South America; reviews, awards, clippings, 1996 Society of Independent Professional Earth Scientists (SIPES) convention program

id19206 58 Photograph albums: U.S. and Mexico 1970-1984 5000005463 Scope and Contents

Photo albums of mining operations in U.S. and Mexico

id19207 59 Photographs: U.S. and Mexico 1967-1975 5000005464 Scope and Contents

Photographs of mining operations in U.S. and Mexico

id19208 60 Professional activity: Costa Rica 1968-1970 5000005465 Scope and Contents

Postcards, clippings, and photographs relating to geological explorations in Costa Rica (4 folders)

id19209 61 Photograph albums: Alaska and West Africa 1983-1990 5000005466 Scope and Contents

Oppenheim personal photo albums travels and mineral explorations in Alaska (1986), Liberia (1983-1986), Senegal, Liberia, Ghana, and Guinea (1986-1990)

id19210 62 Film reels: Central and South America 1959-1960 5000005467 Scope and Contents

Metal box of nine (9) 16mm film reels of Oppenheim's explorations in Central and South America

id19211 63 Film reels: U.S. and Mexico 1957-1961 5000005468 Scope and Contents

Metal box of nine (9) 16mm film reels of Oppenheim's travels and explorations in the U.S. and Mexico

id19212 64 Photograph albums: U.S., Mexico, and Spain 1965-1971 5000005469 Scope and Contents

Oppenheim personal photo albums of mining explorations and operations in the U.S., Mexico, and Spain

id19213 65 Books 5000005470 Scope and Contents

Contains the following volumes: Ahlfeld, Federico. 1946. Geologia de Bolivia: por F. Ahlfeld, (for the) Ministerio de Economia Nacional, Republica de Bolivia. La Plata, Argentina: Ministerio de Economia Nacional. Blakey, Ellen Sue. 1991. To the waters and the wild: petroleum geology 1918 to 1941. Tulsa, Okla., U.S.A.: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Volume 30.  January-December 1946, Part 2; Volume 31, January-June, 1947. Hemming, John. 1978. The search for El Dorado. London: Michael Joseph. Steward, Julian Haynes, and Louis C. Faron. 1959. Native peoples of South America. New York: McGraw-Hill. Venezuela. 1937. Boletín de geología y minería: organo del Servicio Técnico de Minería y Geología. Caracas: Coop. de Artes Gráficas.

id19602 66 Books 5000005471 Scope and Contents

Contains the following volumes: Heath, Daisy. 1937. Comprehensive Index of the Publications of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1917-1936.  Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Heath, Daisy. 1947. Comprehensive Index of the Publications of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1917-1945. Tulsa:  American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Heath, Daisy and June McFarland. 1957. Comprehensive Index of the Publications of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1946-1955.  Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. McIntyre, Loren. 1990. Exploring South America. New York, N.Y.: C.N. Potter. Oppenheim, Victor. 1958. Explorations - east of the high Andes, from Patagonia to the Amazon. New York: Pageant Press. Inscribed and signed by author. Sociedad Geológica del Perú, and V. Oppenheim. 1944. Mapa geologico generalizado de Bolivia, 1:2 000 000: In [extracted from] V. Oppenheim. Mapa geologico generalizado de Bolivia y memoria explicativa, 1944 (Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica del Peru ; Tomo XVII). Lima: Sociedad Geologica del Peru.

id74524 67 Appointment Books 307320 id74525 68 Personal and Family Papers; Clippings; Photocopies 307321 id74526 69 Personal Papers 307322 id74527 70 Personal Papers and Reports 307323 id74528 71 Personal and Family Papers; Business Correspondence 307324 id74529 72 Personal Papers 307325 id74530 73 Reports; Mining Material 307326 id74531 74 Reports; Mining Material 307327 id74532 75 Mining Material 307328 id74533 76 307329 id74534 77 Africa; Alaska; Liberia 307330 id74535 78 Liberia 307331 id74536 79 Liberia 307332 id74537 80 Maps; Magazines; Photocopies 307333 id74538 81 Tapes and Video 307317 id74539 82 Al Clement 307318 id74540 83 Al Clement; Oral History Tapes 307319 id125747 84 Photo Books, Clippings 706509 id125748 85 Photo Books, Certificates 706510 id125749 86 Papers, Awards, Artifacts 706685 id125750 87 Papers, Photographs, Mat Items 706684 id130972 88 Photo Prints 706686 Scope and Contents

Contains Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, France, Latvia and Peru. Some prints are unidentified.

id88151 Boxed and Framed Artifacts id87920 102327 Three Paintings 628231 id88171 102400 Rocks 628381 id108316 1 Plaques and Medal 663171 id134938 89 Explorer's Club 706511 id138434 90 Man of the Year Award 706507 Scope and Contents

NOTE: This item is housed in the Special Collections Department in the Willis Library.

id135051 5 Victor Oppenheim on Horseback, Framed Photograph 642799 Scope and Contents

NOTE: This item is housed in the Research Collections Library. It is stored hanging with other framed artwork.

id179074 Exhibit Materials Scope and Contents

This series has a set of copy prints and negatives that were prepared for exhibits.

id179075 91 Copy Photographs 703047 id179077 91 1 Copy Prints - Argentina 7 id179078 91 2 Copy Prints - Bolivia 1 id179079 91 3 Copy Prints - Brazil 8 id179080 91 4 Copy Prints - Colombia 16 id179081 91 5 Copy Prints - Ecuador 10 id179082 91 6 Copy Prints - Unidentified 3 id179083 91 7 Copy Print - Victor's Wife 1 id179084 91 8 Copy Negatives 12 id179085 91 9 Slide 1