Hermine Tobolowsky Equal Legal Rights Collection, 1954-1974Add to your cart.

Collection Overview

Title: Hermine Tobolowsky Equal Legal Rights Collection, 1954-1974Add to your cart.
ID: 01/ HM16
Extent: 9.0 Boxes
Arrangement: Collection is arranged by document type.  Document types are arranged chronologically.  Collection is described at folder level.
Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection documents the activities of Hermine Dalkowitz Tobolowsky, a Dallas attorney known as the "Mother of the Texas Equal Rights Amendment."  The collection includes extensive correspondence with Texas legislators concerning equal legal rights for Texas women; correspondence and other materials pertaining to the Texas Business and Professional Women's Club; correspondence with Texas Business and Professional Women's Club members and supporters of Texas equal legal rights; questionnaires of Texas legislators and candidates regarding their respective positions on equal legal rights legislation; and other materials and publications related to the campaign for Texas equal legal rights.

Collection Historical Note

Hermine Dalkowitz Tobolowsky (1921-1995), the "Mother of the Texas Equal Rights Amendment" engaged in a relentless campaign begininning in the 1950s to enact legislation to ensure equal legal rights of Texas women and repeal discriminatory Texas laws based on gender.  Tobolowsky attended law school at the University of Texas School of Law in 1943 and became one of only two women to graduate in her class.  After graduating, Tobolowsky experienced discriminatory practices firsthand as she sought employment in the legal profession.  One such instance was when a law firm offered her a position on the condition that she would not ever be able to see clients as they would be instructed that a male attorney would be handling their cases.  She refused the offer.  Tobolowsky eventually accepted an offer from a San Antonio office on the condition of equal treatment and opened her own practice four years later.  In 1951, she married Hyman Tobolowsky and relocated her practice to Dallas, Texas.  Soon after, Tobolowsky began a relentless campaign targeting "antiquated" Texas laws that established discriminatory practices based on gender.  Initially focusing on seperate property and acknowledgement laws, Tobolowsky widened her scope to include a push for a blanket equal legal rights amendment to the Texas Constitution.  Through an extensive letter writing campaign, numerous speaking engagements, and garnering support from across the state and nation, Tobolowsky finally realized her goal with the passage of the Texas Equal Rights Amendment in 1972.

Access Information

Access Restrictions:

This collection is not restricted.

Physical Access Note:

This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hour notice prior to use.

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Administrative Information

Repository: Manuscripts
Preferred Citation: Hermine Tobolowsky Equal Legal Rights Collection, University of North Texas Special Collections


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  • Series 2: Restricted RecordsAdd to your cart.

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    • Box 1: Multiple CollectionsAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access

      This box contains records from tthe following collections: Gearhardt-Owens Industries; Goodwill Industries Guild Embassy Publication; Government Publications; Bruce Gray; Woodrow Phillips Military Publications; Deussen Dale Ranch; and Pilot Point Seminary Photograph.
      Barcode: 624168

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