Constance Dudley Collection of Sarah T. Hughes Papers, 1946-1981Add to your cart.

By Zachary Richardson

Collection Overview

Title: Constance Dudley Collection of Sarah T. Hughes Papers, 1946-1981Add to your cart.
ID: 01/ AR0729
Primary Creator: Hughes, Sarah Tilgham (1896-1985)
Other Creators: Dudley, Constance.
Extent: 5.0 Boxes
Arrangement: This collection is arranged by material into 5 boxes: Box 1: Speech Notes (1963-1969); Box 2: Speech Notes (1970-1974); Box 3: Speech Notes, Travel Notes, Organizations, Clippings, Coni Dudley; Box 4: Appointment Books, Speech Notes, Board Meeting Notes, 1946-1981; Box 5: Board Meeting Notes, Speech Notes, 1951-1962
Subjects:
Languages: English

Abstract

This collection consists primarily of speech notes on note cards and note paper handwritten by Judge Sarah T. (Tilgham) Hughes. The collection was donated by Constance Dudley, niece of Judge Hughes.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection of speech notes on note cards and note paper handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes include speeches heard and delivered by Judge Hughes. Notable speech topics include the United Nations and world peace through common international law, American penal reform, dissent and civil disobedience, and women’s rights and the status of women in America.

Other textual and print materials include Judge Hughes's handwritten notes on her travels in Europe in the late 1950s and early 1960s, newspaper clippings, organization membership cards belonging to Judge Hughes, and other textual materials related to Judge Hughes.

Additionally, the collection contains a small number of photograph copies and originals of Judge Hughes.

Biographical Note

Judge Sarah Tilgham Hughes was born on August 2, 1896 in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1917, she graduated from Goucher College with a degree in Biology. In 1922, she earned a law degree from George Washington University Law School. The same year, Judge Hughes moved to Dallas, Texas with her husband George Ernest Hughes. In 1923, she joined the firm of Priest, Herndon, and Ledbetter where she was a member till 1935.

In 1930, she was elected to her first term in the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat and at age 34, was the youngest woman elected to the legislature. She was reelected twice to the position and spearheaded numerous progressive legislation such as prison reform, public school land use, and women's property rights. In 1935, she became Texas' first female district judge when Governor James Allred appointed her to the 14th District Court in Dallas and was reelected to the position seven times. In 1952, she was national president of the Federation of Business and Professional Women's Club. The national organization nominated her for the position of Vice President on the Democratic Party ticket that year, but Judge Hughes withdrew her name.

In 1954, she successfully passed legislature that allowed women to serve on juries. In 1960, she was the co-chair of the Kennedy-Johnson campaign in Dallas County. In October 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Judge Hughes as Texas' first female federal judge. In 1963, she administered the Presidential oath of office to Lyndon B. Johnson after President John F. Kennedy's assassination. Judge Hughes' most well-known decisions as a federal judge include Shultz vs. Brookhaven General Hospital in 1969 (equal pay for equal work for women), Roe vs. Wade in 1970 (the legalization of abortion in the United States), and Taylor vs. Sterrett in 1972 (upgrading prisoner treatment in Dallas County jails). She was also involved with cases related to Billie Sol Estes and the Sharpstown stock fraud scandal. Additionally, she was a supporter of the United Nations.

In 1982, Jugde Hughes retired from the bench. She passed away on April 23, 1985 at the age of 88. She was interred at Hillcrest Mausoleum and Memorial Park in Dallas, Texas.

For more biographical information on Judge Sarah T. Hughes and to view her collection, visit the Judge Sarah T. Hughes Collection.

Subject/Index Terms

Access Information

Access Restrictions:

This collection is not restricted.

Use Restrictions:

Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections department. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Physical Access Note:

This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hour notice prior to use.

Reading Room or Duplication Requests

Depending on any access restrictions noted above, you may be able to request items be delivered to our reading room, or that we make reproductions for you. Just click on either the or icons in the listings below to be routed to our request form.

Administrative Information

Repository: University of North Texas Special Collections
Acquisition Source: This collection was donated by Constance Dudley, niece of Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
Related Materials:

Gwen Graul Papers, 1945-1979

Judge Sarah T. Hughes Papers, 1910-1982

Preferred Citation: Constance Dudley Papers, University of North Texas Special Collections

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Box and Folder Listing

The listing below is a partial representation of this finding aid's total contents. To see other series/containers, select an option in Browse by Box, above.
  • Box 3: Speech Notes, Travel Notes, Organizations, Clippings, Coni DudleyAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access

    Barcode: 642330
    • Folder 1: Speech Notes : United Nations - A Light to the Nations, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
    • Folder 2: Speech Notes : Women of America, ca. 1973Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes, for speech introducing  Frances Tarlton Farenthold and Barbara G. Culver at a meeting of the National Women's Political Caucus.
    • Folder 3: Speech Notes : [Crime, punishment, and penal reform], undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
    • Folder 4: Speech Notes : Dallas Chamber of Commerce, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes, for speech delivered to Dallas Chamber of Commerce.
    • Folder 5: Speech Notes : Women of America / National Women's Political Caucus, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes, for speech introducing Barbara G. Culver.
    • Folder 6: Speech Notes : North Lake College, ca. 1981Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes, for address to second graduating class of North Lake College in Irving.
    • Folder 7: Speech Notes : World Peace Through Law, ca. 1965Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
    • Folder 8: Speech Notes : [Jail reform in Dallas County], undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
    • Folder 9: Speech Notes : Inaugural Address, January 1961Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with typed notes by Judge Sarah T. Hughes, on President John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address.
    • Folder 10: Speech Notes : Miscellaneous, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards and note paper with speech notes handwritten and typed by Judge Sarah T. Hughes. Included are notes on criminal punishment, prisoner rehabilitation, and prison reform; Business and Professional Women's Clubs speeches; the United Nations; and legal issues.
    • Folder 11: Speech Notes : Miscellaneous, ca. 1962, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards and note paper with speech notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes. Includes notes on Dallas Business and Professional Women's Club; a toast to the national federations of the International Federation of Business and Professional Women; on the role of the Episcopal churchman in the community (ca. 1962); and on the status of women in a changing America.
    • Folder 12: Travel Notes : Miscellaneous, July 1959, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note paper with travel notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes. Includes notes on travels to Congress of Business and Professional Women of the Americas in Buenos Aires, Argentina; France, Austria, Italy, Germany, Poland, and Czechoslovakia; East Germany, West Germany, and Paris (July 1959); Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Hungary, Soviet Union, Finland, and Denmark; and Yugoslavia and Switzerland.
    • Folder 13: Travel Notes : Miscellaneous, undated, February 22, 1962Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains note cards with travel notes handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes. Includes travel notes on Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, England, and Scotland (related to International Federation of Business and Professional Women); France (related to IFBPW); West Germany (related to IFBPW); and the United Nations General Assembly (February 22, 1962).
    • Folder 14: Organizations : Membership Cards (A - O), 1975-1983Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains plastic and paper membership cards belonging to Judge Sarah T. Hughes, certifying membership in various civic, political, social, and cultural clubs and organizations.
    • Folder 15: Organizations : Membership Cards (G - J), 1978-1983Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains paper membership cards belonging to Judge Sarah T. Hughes, certifying membership in various civic, political, social, and cultural clubs and organizations.
    • Folder 16: Organizations : Membership Cards (M - Z), 1978-1982Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains paper and plastic membership cards belonging to Judge Sarah T. Hughes, certifying membership in various civic, political, social, and cultural clubs and organizations.
    • Folder 17: Organizations : Business and Professional Women's Club of Dallas, Inc., undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains a transcript of procedure for induction of new officers into the Business and Professional Women's Club of Dallas, Inc.
    • Folder 18: Organizations : Zonta Club, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains a copy of suggested procedure for the installation of Zonta Club officers.
    • Folder 19: Organizations : United World Federalists, Inc., ca. 1963Add to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains a membership form for United World Federalists, Inc.
    • Folder 20: Newspaper Clippings, 1964, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains clippings from Dallas Times Herald.
    • Folder 21: Coni Dudley Papers, ca. 1932, 1971, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Contains miscellaneous textual materials related to Judge Sarah T. Hughes, including business card advertising Hughes's candidacy for second term (1932-1933) as a Texas state representative; photocopy of page from The Cherry Tree (1922), annual of George Washington University; microcopy of article on Miss Sarah Tilghman joining women's police force of Washington, D.C.; transcribed typed copy of letter from STH to her brother; and photocopy of A Federal Judge's Prayer (Atlanta Lawyer's Club, March 17, 1971) signed by Charles Carpenter.
    • Folder 22: Coni Dudley Photos, 1962, 1976, undatedAdd to your cart. Request Reading Room Access Request Duplication Services

      Mostly contains copies of photos of Judge Sarah T. Hughes, depicting Judge Hughes during various periods of her life. Includes an original 3.5 x 3.5 color print (April 1962) of Judge Hughes in Washington with Lyndon B. Johnson, during her federal judgeship confirmation.

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