President Joshua C. Chilton Records, 1873-1896Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

By Marissa Posada

Collection Overview

Title: President Joshua C. Chilton Records, 1873-1896Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
ID: 02/02/ UP0001
Primary Creator: Chilton, Joshua Crittenden (1852-1896)
Extent: 1.0 Boxes
Date Acquired: 10/05/2012
Forms of Material: Catalogs (documents)
Circular letters
Letters (correspondence)
Speeches (documents)
Languages: English


Personal papers and administrative records of Joshua C. Chilton, founder and first President of the Texas Normal College (University of North Texas).

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection contains Joshua C. Chilton’s personal letters, printed materials of the institutions where Chilton worked including programs and class tickets for the Texas Normal College, and other administrative papers from Chilton’s career including copies of the 1890-1891 catalogs and a circular. Of note, the collection also contains a handwritten draft of the speech Chilton gave on the steps of the Denton County Courthouse at the opening of the Texas Normal College.

Biographical Note

Joshua Crittendon Chilton graduated from the National Normal University at Lebanon, Ohio and was then teacher and principal of the Orleans (Indiana) Graded school and Training Institute. Chilton relocated to Texas in 1890 with the hopes of establishing a normal school in the area near Dallas where his brother, Robert H. Chilton, practiced medicine.

He arrived in Texas with a letter of introduction from the Indiana state superintendent and was invited to Denton, Texas, by John A. Hann, a member of Denton City Council. Chilton persuaded the mayor to hold a meeting of the city council to discuss the idea of establishing a normal college in Denton, addressed citizens at the Denton County Courthouse on April 18, 1890, and had his proposal for establishing the college accepted by city council later that year creating the Texas Normal College. Chilton served as President of the Texas Normal College from its founding in 1890 until 1893.

Chilton struggled to entice students to Denton, and the 1892-1893 school year saw great financial struggle for the Texas Normal College. In 1893 the Denton City Council voted to offer Chilton a sum of money for a release of his title and interest in the school. Following Chilton’s acceptance of this release, faculty member John Jackson Crumley became chief administrator and de facto president.

Chilton died on February 12, 1896, in Bryantsville, Indiana at the age of forty-three after a three year long illness.

Subject/Index Terms

Access Information

Access Restrictions:

This collection is not restricted.

Use Restrictions:

Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Special Collections department. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Physical Access Note:

This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use.

Reading Room or Duplication Requests

Depending on any access restrictions noted above, you may be able to request items be delivered to our reading room, or that we make reproductions for you. Just click on either the or icons in the listings below to be routed to our request form.

Administrative Information

Repository: University of North Texas Special Collections
Acquisition Source: UNT
Related Materials: Other Presidents' Records
Preferred Citation: President Joshua C. Chilton Records, University of North Texas Special Collections
Finding Aid Revision History: October 2020: Rachael Zipperer revised description, linked to digital content, added subject terms.


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