Victor Oppenheim Papers, 1927-1996Add to your cart.

By Zachary Richardson

Collection Overview

Title: Victor Oppenheim Papers, 1927-1996Add to your cart.
ID: 01/ AR0731
Primary Creator: Oppenheim, Victor (1906–2005)
Extent: 83.0 Boxes
Date Acquired: 08/00/1996. More info below under Accruals.


Collection of materials related to Victor Oppenheim and his activities as a geologist and explorer in South America.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Correspondence, field notes, financial documents, printed material, literary productions, scrapbooks, maps, and photographs relating to Victor Oppenheim's activities as a geologist and explorer in South America. Included is material concerning the geological exploration of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.

Collection Historical Note

Born in 1906 in Latvia, Victor Oppenheim spent much of his early life in China and other parts of East Asia with his father, a civil and mining engineer, and his mother. After his father’s untimely death, Victor and his mother returned to Latvia. He was educated at the University of Caen. In 1927, after graduation, Oppenheim was employed by Ludovick Barreau, an engineering and mining consultant firm in Paris. In 1929 the company sent Oppenheim to South America. During the next twenty years, he explored and geologically mapped the continent, usually as a consulting geologist for the countries he was exploring and mapping. His extensive travels through southern Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, and eastern Peru resulted in the first geological maps for each of those countries. In 1944 Victor Oppenheim completed the first geological map of an entire continent, which was published by the Pan American Institute of Mining, Engineering, and Geology in 1945. Among his other many achievements in South America were the discovery of the largest known coal reserve in the world at El Cerrejon and a large petroleum deposit at Cusiana, both in Colombia; the naming of a mountain range in eastern Ecuador, the Sierra de Cutucu; and the discovery of a hitherto unknown culture in Guarija, Colombia.

Victor Oppenheim continued his explorations and geological work after he left South America and established a consulting company in Dallas, Texas. He completed extensive field work in Latin America, Mexico, West Africa, as well as in the United States in Arkansas, Alaska, New Mexico, and Texas.

The author of over 120 scientific papers, Victor Oppenheim was honored by the Explorers Club, the American Institute of Professional Geologists, the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, and the Dallas Geological Society. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the country of Ecuador, and has been called the "Father of Colombian Geology."

Source: University of North Texas Libraries Rare Book Room, "Victor Oppenheim", in South of the Border: An Exhibition, February 15 - June 15, 1999 (, accessed October 29, 2012.

Access Information

Access Restrictions:

This collection is not restricted.

Use Restrictions:

Reproduction and publication of materials in this collection are subject to the policies of the UNT Archives and Rare Books department. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Physical Access Note:

This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use.

Reading Room or Duplication Requests

Depending on any access restrictions noted above, you may be able to request items be delivered to our reading room, or that we make reproductions for you. Just click on either the or icons in the listings below to be routed to our request form.

Administrative Information

Repository: Manuscripts
Accruals: 96-008, 97-003, 1997-027, 98-003, 99-006, 99-007, 2000-013, 00-01
Acquisition Source: Oppenheim, Victor
Acquisition Method: Gift
Preferred Citation: Victor Oppenheim Papers, University of North Texas Special Collections
Processing Information: This collection is unprocessed. Please contact the UNT Archives for more information.


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