MARC Record For Collection: Constance Dudley Collection of Sarah T. Hughes Papers, 1946-1981
LDR 00000npcaa a 4500
099 9 _a01/AR0729
100 3 _aHughes, Sarah Tilgham
245 00 _aConstance Dudley Collection of Sarah T. Hughes Papers
351 _aThis collection is arranged by material into 5 boxes: Box 1: Speech Notes (1963-1969); Box 2: Speech Notes (1970-1974); Box 3: Speech Notes, Travel Notes, Organizations, Clippings, Coni Dudley; Box 4: Appointment Books, Speech Notes, Board Meeting Notes, 1946-1981; Box 5: Board Meeting Notes, Speech Notes, 1951-1962
506 _aThis collection is not restricted.
520 2 _aThis collection of speech notes on note cards and note paper handwritten by Judge Sarah T. Hughes include speeches heard and delivered by Judge Hughes. Notable speech topics include the United Nations and world peace through common international law, American penal reform, dissent and civil disobedience, and women’s rights and the status of women in America.
Other textual and print materials include Judge Hughes's handwritten notes on her travels in Europe in the late 1950s and early 1960s, newspaper clippings, organization membership cards belonging to Judge Hughes, and other textual materials related to Judge Hughes.
Additionally, the collection contains a small number of photograph copies and originals of Judge Hughes.
524 _a[i]Constance Dudley Papers[/i], University of North Texas Special Collections
541 _aThis collection was donated by Constance Dudley, niece of Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
545 0 _aJudge Sarah Tilgham Hughes was born on August 2, 1896 in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1917, she graduated from Goucher College with a degree in Biology. In 1922, she earned a law degree from George Washington University Law School. The same year, Judge Hughes moved to Dallas, Texas with her husband George Ernest Hughes. In 1923, she joined the firm of Priest, Herndon, and Ledbetter where she was a member till 1935.
In 1930, she was elected to her first term in the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat and at age 34, was the youngest woman elected to the legislature. She was reelected twice to the position and spearheaded numerous progressive legislation such as prison reform, public school land use, and women's property rights. In 1935, she became Texas' first female district judge when Governor James Allred appointed her to the 14th District Court in Dallas and was reelected to the position seven times. In 1952, she was national president of the Federation of Business and Professional Women's Club. The national organization nominated her for the position of Vice President on the Democratic Party ticket that year, but Judge Hughes withdrew her name.
In 1954, she successfully passed legislature that allowed women to serve on juries. In 1960, she was the co-chair of the Kennedy-Johnson campaign in Dallas County. In October 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Judge Hughes as Texas' first female federal judge. In 1963, she administered the Presidential oath of office to Lyndon B. Johnson after President John F. Kennedy's assassination. Judge Hughes' most well-known decisions as a federal judge include [i]Shultz vs. Brookhaven General Hospital[/i] in 1969 (equal pay for equal work for women), [i]Roe vs. Wade[/i] in 1970 (the legalization of abortion in the United States), and [i]Taylor vs. Sterrett[/i] in 1972 (upgrading prisoner treatment in Dallas County jails). She was also involved with cases related to Billie Sol Estes and the Sharpstown stock fraud scandal. Additionally, she was a supporter of the United Nations.
In 1982, Jugde Hughes retired from the bench. She passed away on April 23, 1985 at the age of 88. She was interred at Hillcrest Mausoleum and Memorial Park in Dallas, Texas.
For more biographical information on Judge Sarah T. Hughes and to view her collection, visit the [url=https://findingaids.library.unt.edu/index.php?p=collections/findingaid&id=51]Judge Sarah T. Hughes Collection[/url].
600 0 _aHughes, Sarah Tilgham, 1896-1985.
610 0 _aUnited Nations.
650 0 _aCivil disobedience
650 0 _aCriminal law--United States
650 0 _aInternational law.
650 0 _aJudges--United States.
650 0 _aWomen's rights--United States.
650 0 _aWomen judges--United States.
700 3 _aDudley, Constance.
856 42 _3Control Card
Raw MARC Output